Lecture

IS Research Fundamentals

Name in diploma supplementIS Research Fundamentals
Organisational Unit Lehrstuhl für Wirtschaftsinformatik und Strategisches IT-Management (http://www.sitm.wiwi.uni-due.de)
LecturersProf. Dr. Frederik Ahlemann
SPW2LanguageEnglish
Cyclewinter semesterParticipants at most20

Preliminary knowledge

There are no prerequisites for attending this course. 

Abstract

The lecture “IS Research Fundamentals” is designed to provide students with an opportunity to build the basic theoretical and methodological skills needed to conceptualize, conduct, and communicate their own research. To do so, the course will familiarize students with the essential triad, namely topic, methods, and theories. While selecting an exciting topic is a fundamental anchor for research’s relevance, a research’s ability to provide rigorous results depends on a sound command of theories and methods. In this context, theories provide a solid basis by summarizing current knowledge and allowing for a precise investigation and definition of their topic’s underlying phenomena. They also provide the students with a theoretical lens to investigate their topics from the perspective they are most interested in. In addition to this, methods afford the students with the ability to produce reliable results which allow them to derive both meaningful and trustworthy conclusions. In this way, they can make sure that their results are not only interesting, but also scientifically valid. To support students in their preparation for their master’s thesis, the course will introduce the most common methods used in business research by looking at examples from the IS discipline. This includes how to carry out a literature review as well as qualitative (e.g., case study research), quantitative (e.g., survey-based research), and design science methods of IS research. Based on the selected readings, the course will also highlight a selection of theories used in IS research.

Course contents are derived from a course developed by Dr. Benjamin Müller at the University of Mannheim.

Contents

  • The What, How and Why: Scientific Thinking, Research Process, Philosophy of Science
  • Scientific Writing and Publishing: Paper structures, Publishing Process, Reviews (Exam)
  • Research Design I - Topics: Domains of IS, Fundamentals, Basic Research Design
  • Research Design II – Theories: Definition and Concepts, Building on Theory, Contributing to Theory
  • Research Design III – Methods: Research Design revisited, Data Collection, Data Analysis

Literature

  • Bacharach, S.B. 1989. "Organizational Theories: Some Criteria for Evaluation," Academy of Management Review (14:4), pp. 496-515.
  • Banker, R.D., and Kauffman, R.J. 2004. "The Evolution of Research on Information Systems: A Fiftieth- Year Survey of the Literature in Management Science," Management Science (50:3), pp. 281-298.
  • Bhattacherjee, A. 2012. Social Science Research: Principles, Methods, and Practices, (2. ed.). Tampa, FL, USA: Global Text Project.
  • Carpenter, M.A. 2009. "Editor's Comments: Mentoring Colleagues in the Craft and Spirit of Peer Review," Academy of Management Review (34:2), pp. 191-195.
  • Fettke, P. 2006. "State-of-the-Art Des State-of-the-Art: Eine Untersuchung der Forschungsmethode „Review“ Innerhalb der Wirtschaftsinformatik," Wirtschaftsinformatik (48:4), pp. 257-266.
  • Gregor, S. 2006. "The Nature of Theory in Information Systems," MIS Quarterly (30:3), pp. 611-642.
  • Kitchenham, B. 2004. "Procedures for Performing Systematic Reviews," Keele University, Department of Computer Science, Keele, UK.
  • Lepak, D. 2009. "Editor's Comments: What IS Good Reviewing?," Academy of Management Review (34:3), pp. 375-381.
  • Mingers, J. 2001. "Combining IS Research Methods: Towards a Pluralist Methodology," Information Systems Research (12:3), pp. 240-259.
  • Orlikowski, W.J., and Baroudi, J.J. 1991. "Studying Information Technology in Organizations: Research Approaches and Assumptions," Information Systems Research (2:1), pp. 1-28.
  • Palvia, P., Leary, D., Mao, E., Midha, V., Pinjani, P., and Salam, A.F. 2004. "Research Methodologies in MIS: An Update," Communications of the Association for Information Systems (14:24), pp. 526-542.
  • Straub, D.W. 2009. "Why Top Journals Accept Your Paper," MIS Quarterly (33:3), pp. iii-x.
  • Sutton, R.I., and Staw, B.M. 1995. "What Theory Is Not," Administrative Science Quarterly (40:3), pp. 371-384.
  • Truex, D., Holmström, J., and Keil, M. 2006. "Theorizing in Information Systems Research: A Reflexive Analysis of the Adaptation of Theory in Information Systems Research," in: Journal of the Association for Information Systems. Association for Information Systems, pp. 797-821.
  • Webster, J., and Watson, R.T. 2002. "Analyzing the Past to Prepare for the Future: Writing a Literature Review," MIS Quarterly (26:2), pp. xiii-xxiii.
  • Wilde, T., and Hess, T. 2007. "Forschungsmethoden der Wirtschaftsinformatik - Eine Empirische Untersuchung," Wirtschaftsinformatik (49:4), pp. 280-287.

Teaching concept

Based on the selected readings, the course will also highlight a selection of theories used in IS research. Students will learn how the studies further develop (or develop their own) theories, how to use these appropriately, as well as how to contribute to them. Students have to prepare for sessions by reading and summarizing selected seminal papers, which provide deeper insights into methods and theories of IS research or exemplars thereof. Moreover, optional readings are provided for each session to facilitate students’ learning experience and to help deepen and extend the topics discussed in class.

Participants

  • AI-SE Master 2010>Bereich 3 (Wirtschaftsinformatik und E1) >Wirtschaftsinformatik >Modul "Information Systems Research "1st-3rd Semester, Elective
  • WiInf Master 2010>Wahlpflichtbereich >Wahlpflichtbereich I: Wirtschaftsinformatik >Modul "Information Systems Research "1st-3rd Semester, Elective
WIWI‑C0654 - Lecture: IS Research Fundamentals